INDIA SHOULD CONTROL CHILD TRAFFICKING AND CHILD LABOUR THROUGH STRICT LAWS

IF A RESTAURANT CAN BE FINED FOR CHILD LABOUR THEN INDIANS CAN HELP MANY CHILDREN TO GO BACK TO SCHOOL ONLY THING THEY HAVE TO DO IS TO REPORT ABOUT CHILD LABOUR IN RESTAURANTS HOTELS TEA SHOPS SO THAT RESTAURANTS HOTELS OR TEA SHOPS CAN BE FINED FOR CHILD LABOUR . MANY INDIANS DONT REPORT .IF THEY START REPORTING THROUGH FACEBOOK AGAINST CHILD LABOUR IN THEIR AREA IN HOTELS RESTAURANTS AND TEA SHOPS IT MAKES A LOT OF DIFFERENCE TO STOP CHILD LABOUR AND TRAFFICKING.

Ban on child labour in food and hotel industries

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/aug/03/india.mainsection

Restaurant fined for child labour

The Child Welfare Committee (CWC) headed by N T Venkatesh, slapped a fine of Rs 6,000 on Mysore Refreshments, opposite Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, for employing six child labourers.

Hearing the matter referred by District Child Protection Officer R Somalatha, the CWC imposed a fine of `6,000 and asked Mysore Refreshments to hand over the money to the children to use it for their education.

The CWC suggested that the hoteliers bear the educational expenses of at least two children a year instead of engaging them to work.

The CWC did not allow the parents to go scot-free. They were made to serve half a day in the ‘Bala Mandir’ as repentance. All the six children were rescued on March 20, acting on a tip-off.

CWC chairman N T Venkatesh said that there is misconception among the hoteliers on the Child Labour Protection Act which banned the employment of children below the age of 14 years. They do not know much about the Juvenile Justice Act which stipulated the age limit of child labourers as 18. In view of this, hoteliers invited the CWC members to organise an interaction to create awareness  and remove the misconception about the age.

Venkatesh said that there are chances of engaging more children to work in hotels and industries during summer vacation.

District Child Protection Officer R Somalatha agreed to convene a meeting of officials of the Education, Labour, Health and Child and Women Welfare Departments to take steps to eradicate child labour. “If we employ youths and middle aged persons, they do not clean the utensils properly, but children are sincere.”

Bangle Industry in India: The Cruel Darkness Behind The Vibrant Hues

A Bangle is a type of ornament worn mostly by South Asian women and men in different style. It is most famous in India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and is worn in Bangladesh too. The ornament is nothing new, it has a long history. A statue of a dancing girl wearing bangle on the left arm was found in Mohenjo-Daro civilization’s site which belongs to around 2500 BC; this was followed by several other statues from Indian cities which show the spread of bangles across India.

In India, Moradabad in Uttar Pradesh is said to be the world’s largest producer of bangles. Different communities have come up to work together and present a beautiful example of communal harmony in diverse India.

On the other hand, Firozabad in Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of glass bangles in the world. The Sadar Bazar of Firozabad is most famous for bangle shops. For production of bangles, the latest innovations are tried in the technology for production. Locally developed machinery is employed which is maintained locally as well. This machinery uses natural gas instead of coal which was conventionally used up till now. Use of natural gas is more eco-friendly and reduces pollution. It is also more effective in heating glass. Each machine costs around Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 70,000 which is affordable even by small industries.

The Lad Bazar in Hyderabad is one of the most famous and largest markets of bangles in India. It is situated in Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh and houses a total of around 350 bangle shops. The price of bangles here can range from Rs. 100 to Rs. 5,000 per pair. Generally, the total daily business is of around Rs. 30 lacs plus the exports. There are around 150 workshops in which there are 4,000 artisans who work and of which 60% of are women. Women handle mostly the stonework decoration on bangles. In Lad bazar, the number of people working in bangle shops has increased from around 200 to 15,000 in last 10 years. Demand for bangles is increasing in this market. The market is so lucrative that even those who hold professional qualifications are getting involved in home businesses in Lad Bazar. I will give the example of Mohammad Gouse who holds an M.C.A. degree and now sells bangles in Lad Bazar.

The most common bangles are lac bangles and glass bangles. Lac is a type of clay and these bangles are very brittle. Brass and Silver framed bangles are also famous for wedding purposes and have a good market in Lad Bazar. Different materials can be used to make bangles. The price of the lac bangles are around Rs. 120 per pair while glass bangles are cheaper and cost around Rs. 20 to Rs. 30 a dozen. The price of the bangles can depend highly upon the decoration done on them and the type of material used to make them.

There is also a black side of the bangle industry. Child labour is still used extensively in Sadar Bazar market of Firozabad. Vikrant who is a child labourer there says, “I work in bangle factory for 8 hours and manage to earn 30 to 35 rupees a day. I have no time for studies and I do not have any option”.

Assistant Labour Commissioner rejects these facts. There have been some raids on some factories before and it has reduced to some extent but it’s still quite widespread.

The bangle industry is growing a lot in India and it supplies extensively to whole country as well as exports to the whole world. There are various art exhibitions and Indian merchants have good market there from foreign shoppers. These bangles are also sold online nowadays with the boom in online shopping in India. This industry is on its way to further growth and has a bright future.

http://www.oneindia.com/2009/06/28/childlabour-rampant-in-firozabads-famous-bangleindustry.html

Firozabad (UP), June 28 (ANI): The Sadar Bazar of Firozabad is not only famous for the clinking colourful bangles, but also for the infamous ‘Child Labour Market’ where one can hire the children a-la the Roman slave market of yore. Defying anti-child labour laws, the bangle industry continues to exploit the rights of hundreds of children here. “I work in bangle factory, work for eight hours and manage to earn 30 to 35 rupees day. I have no time for studies and I do not have an option,” said Vikrant, a child labour. As for the reports of children being hired for labour, the concerned authorities feigned ignorance and even refuted any such practices in their jurisdiction. “Well it is not in my knowledge but if you are saying then I will check. Last year some children were found to be working in bangle warehouses and basically they are in the testing units where the bangles are tested. I have gone and seen them and I must tell you that they go to school and after school they come and work for 2 or 2 and half hours,” said Madhur Singh, Assistant Labour Commissioner. Although there is no confirmed data available on the total number of children employed in Firozabad’s bangle industry, but it is estimated that hundreds of child laborers are currently working in some 400 registered bangle units of the city. Millions of children across the nation work under hazardous conditions to produce firecrackers, textile ancillaries, hand-rolled cigarettes and glass industries. They are often exposed to chemicals and open furnaces spewing toxic gases. (ANI)

Read more at: http://www.oneindia.com/2009/06/28/childlabour-rampant-in-firozabads-famous-bangleindustry.html

INDIANS IF THEY SEE CHILD LABOURERS WORKING IN BANGLE OR IN ANY TYPE OF INDUSTRY ATLEAST THEY SHOULD START SHARING DETAILS THROUGH FACEBOOK OR THROUGH ANY OTHER SOCIAL WEBSITE SO THAT CHILD LABOUR AND CHILD TRAFFICKING CAN BE EASILY TRACKED.

SO MANY PEOPLE TRAVEL FOR WORK THROUGH TRAINS ATEAST THEY CAN HELP MANY CHILDREN BY SHARING INFORMATION

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22302402

http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/pune/43-missing-children-found-in-11-days/

http://www.thebetterindia.com/4028/how-shachi-made-lucknows-charbagh-station-child-labour-free/

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