Eight Chinese spies arrested in Himachal Pradesh

Last Updated: Wednesday, June 13, 2012 – 12:43

Shimla: In a major crackdown, police arrested eight Chinese nationals on charges of overstaying after raiding a fortified monastery in Mandi district and claimed to have recovered Rs 30 lakh, USD 3000 and SIM cards.

Some Chinese escaped before the raids, which were carried out last night in Chauntra village in Mandi, 150 kms from here, following inputs by central intelligence agencies.

Besides currency, police also recovered mobile phones suspected to have Chinese SIM cards and international ATM cards.

The raids came within days of Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama saying he had been passed reports from inside Tibet warning that Chinese agents had trained Tibetan women for a mission to poison him while posing as devotees seeking his blessings.

Additional Director General of Police S.R Mardi said it was too early to conclude that those arrested were Chinese spies.



DGP D S Manhas said police had received information that illegal activities may be going on in this resettlement area.

“Based upon these intelligence inputs, the searches were carried out yesterday and we were able to apprehend eight Chinese who were staying there illegally and had not reported to the police,” he told reporters today.

Manhas said the Chinese, holding expired tourist visas, were found working and further investigations were underway. Some of them were engaged as masons, carpenters and electricians.

“We have registered two cases and huge cash of Rs 30 lakh and USD 3000 has also been recovered,” he said.

When contacted in Delhi, a Chinese Embassy spokesperson said, “We have noticed the reports and we are seeking details from the Ministry of External Affairs”.

Manhas said Income Tax authorities have been informed about the seizures.

“Definitely for the last six-eight months we have been getting some intelligence inputs and there were two cases reported where Chinese were found overstaying without any basic documentation and without any intimation,” he said.
“So, we are taking all intelligence inputs seriously so that the security of the Dalai Lama is not compromised in any way,” he said.

In Shimla, Chief Minister Prem Kumar Dhumal said before the raids some Chinese had escaped from the spot.

“It is a matter of serious security concern,” Dhumal said, seeking a joint probe by central and state investigating agencies.

He also sought Centre`s assistance to beef up the security of Dalai Lama and Karmapa Lama, another top Tibetan Buddhist leader.

The arrested Chinese nationals have been living in the house, protected by a 15-foot high wall, for quite some time, police said.
The police was investigating as to how these Chinese nationals managed to come together in a remote village like Chauntra.

SP, Mandi, A Dhullar said the Chinese were working as carpenters and painters in the under-construction house.

“They had taken employment when they had only tourist visa,” he said.

While the External Affairs Ministry said it was ascertaining details in the case, the Home Ministry said that the arrested Chinese were working for a contractor from Sikkim.



Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been increasingly practised in many countries of the world. Some recent textbooks of TCM still recommend formulas containing various animal tissues such as tiger bones, antelope, buffalo or rhino horns, deer antlers, testicles and os penis of the dog, bear or snake bile. Usually, animal tissues are combined with medical herbs. In most of the cases, the medical use of the preparations is justified in terms of the rules of TCM. So far, little research has been done to prove the claimed clinical efficacy of TCM animal products


Of the 1,581 species of animals used as a medical resource, 1,306 are terrestrial animals and 275 are marine animals.

There are 412 species of fish used as yao. These fish species are:

  • Carp family 70 species
  • Tetraodon family (globe fish, balloon fish, puffer) 18 species
  • Syngnathus family (sea otter, pipe fish) 15 species
  • Butterfish family 11 species
  • Loach family 12 species

There are 39 species of amphibians used as yao. Some of them are:

  • Frog family 13 species
  • Toad family 5 species
  • Tortoise and soft-shell turtles 17 species

Among the reptiles used as yao are:

  • Snakes 64 species
  • Lizards 34 species


  • Ducks 27 species
  • Pheasants 21 species
  • Hawks and eagles 14 species
  • Crows 10 species
  • Pigeon and doves 10 species

Among the terrestrial mammals are the following yao:

  • Tiger
  • Black Bear
  • Sika deer
  • Red Deer
  • Forest musk deer
  • Original musk deer
  • Ox or cattle
  • Otter
  • Hedgehog
  • Oriental Bat
  • Field rabbit
  • Flying squirrel
  • Badger
  • Donkey
  • Leopard

Out of the 1,581 species of animals used as yao, 160-220 species are categorised as materia medica material or yao cai. Among them 30-40 are invertebrates; 30-40 are insects; 40-60 are fishes and reptiles; while there are 60-80 beasts (Zhang HY l995).


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