INDIA HAS TO LEARN A LOT FROM ITS NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES LIKE BHUTAN AND NEPAL AND INDIA SHOULD MAINTAIN CLOSE TIES WITH NEPAL AND BHUTAN

Bhutan set to become world’s first wholly organic country

Bhutan could within a decade become the first country in the world to go wholly organic in its food production, according to key politicians in the Himalayan kingdom.

Agriculture and Forests Minister Lyonpo Yeshey Dorji and Opposition leader Pema Gyamtsho, who held the post in the previous government, say there is a united commitment to rid the country of chemical fertilisers and pesticides.

 

No timeframe

While no formal timeframe has been put in place, both politicians believe that the goal is within sight as long as practical natural solutions can be found to the pest and disease problems still affecting a few crops. In order to speed up the search for these answers, Bhutan recently brought together experts on organic agriculture from across the world.

“If we continue to have the same intensity of commitment and intention, then we should be able to do it in five or ten years,” says Gyamtsho, who estimates that around 70 per cent of produce is already grown without chemicals. “But on the other hand, if we just use it as a slogan, it might take 20 or 30 years or it may not take place at all. It really depends on how serious successive governments are in taking this forward.” Dorji says the new government is maintaining the previous administration’s strong commitment to organic agriculture but says any moves to eradicate chemicals needs to be done on a voluntary basis.

While he also says it is possible to become an organic nation within a decade, this is dependent on the government being able to “demonstrate that the benefits outweigh the costs and people should be willing and happy about the transition and choices. That means investment into agriculture research and support through conversion.” Despite the commitment from both main political parties, some experts within Bhutan worry that they are being too optimistic and that farmers are actually becoming increasingly reliant on chemical fertilisers. Many of the farmers in central and eastern Bhutan spoke of their reluctance to go fully organic as they believe their yields will fall, especially given weather patterns are becoming more erratic. Many growers, for example, say that chemical fertilisers increase the size of their potatoes, which makes it easier to find export markets in countries such as India.

However, Gyamtsho insists that the trend is in the opposite direction as farmers begin to recognise that chemicals are having a damaging effect on the quality of the soil.

“Farmers get quite excited when they use chemical fertilisers for the first time because they see that they have to do less work, less weeding,” he says. “But then over a period of time they see also the negative consequences.

“Many farmers now see that it destroys the soil and its water retention capacity so unless they increase the input year by year, they’re not getting the kind of returns that they were getting earlier.

“To develop this movement and change the mentality of the farmers, we need to take them to see land where yields are not being affected by using only natural fertilisers. If they are convinced then they will also adopt these practices.” Another issue that needs to be addressed if organic produce is to be economically viable is the lack of certification capacity within Bhutan. The first testing laboratory opened only recently.

Gyamtsho says the priority at the moment should be to satisfy regional markets that do not need the same level of third party oversight that buyers in Europe and the U.S. demand.

But as the country’s testing capacity grows, he says certification will be “a very important requirement not just for the export market but also for our people as they need to know what they’re eating.” He says the organic strategy is to take a step-by-step approach, advancing region-by-region, product-by-product and that new innovations are essential to find ways to naturally eradicate diseases and improve crop yields.

“We are looking for alternative solutions such as bio-pesticide,” he says. “The whole idea of having an international conference on organic ecology here is to tap into international expertise and resources available. So maybe we don’t have the solution for cabbages but somebody in Brazil may have.” Tim Hewitt, CEO of IDE, which creates income and livelihood opportunities for poor rural households and has been working in neighbouring Nepal, says it makes commercial sense for the country to move towards organic food production but warns of dangers from seeking to claim the eradication of all chemicals.

“Integrated pest management has worked very well in Nepal but there is a trade-off. You’re increasing the risk of loss of your harvest and you’re raising prices because your yields are lower.

“I would caution against making a blanket statement that the country is 100 per cent organic or aspires to be that way. Looking ahead, it will be difficult to maintain integrity if you claim something and people find out that’s not the case.”

 

BASED ON BOTH HINDUISM AND BUDDHISM  NEPAL HAS CLOSE TIES WITH INDIA WHICH INDIA SHOULD MAINTAIN.

THERE ARE MANY BUDDHIST TEMPLES  IN INDIA. 

India[edit]

Andhra Pradesh[edit]

Stupas at Bojjannakonda in Andhra Pradesh

Buddhist Monastery Remnants,RamatheerthamAndhra Pradesh

Karnataka[edit]

Arunachal Pradesh[edit]

Bihar[edit]

Goa[edit]

Main article: List of temples in Goa

Buddhist caves exist in following places in Goa:[citation needed]

Buddha idols have been found in several places, and some temples, some are still in worship and are considered now as Hindu gods. Monasteries used to exist in many places, and it can be seen from the names of the modern villages. For example, Viharas have been found in modern Divachali or ancient Dipakavishaya, Lamgaon or ancient Lamagrama and many other places.

Himachal Pradesh[edit]

Jammu and Kashmir[edit]

Madhya Pradesh[edit]

Maharahstra[edit]

Orissa[edit]

Dhauli, Orissa

Sikkim[edit]

Tamil Nadu[edit]

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

West Bengal[edit]

THERE ARE MANY HINDU TEMPLES IN NEPAL

 

List of Hindu temples in Nepal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 

This is a list of Hindu temples in Nepal, sorted by district.

 

 

Kathmandu District[edit]

Lalitpur District[edit]

Bhaktapur District[edit]

Kabhrepalanchwok District[edit]

Gorkha District[edit]

Makawanpur District[edit]

Kaski District[edit]

  • Bhimkali Mandir (भिमकाली मन्दीर)
  • Bindhabasini Mandir (विन्धबासीनी मन्दीर)
  • Talbarahi Mandir (तालबाराही मन्दीर)
  • Dhodbarahi Mandir (Tanhu) (ढोडवाराही मन्दीर)
  • Kalika Mandir’ Kalikasthan,Kalika V.D.C.-4 (कालीका मन्दीर)
  • Bhadrakali Mandir भद्रकाली मन्दिर
  • Sitaladevi Mandir
  • Akala Temple
  • Mudula Karki Kulayan Mandir
  • Kedareshwor Mahadev Temple
  • Kumari Temple

Dhanusha District[edit]

Bharatpur, Nepal[edit]

  • Devghat Mandir (देवघाट मन्दीर)
  • Bageshwari Mandir (बागेस्वरी मन्दीर)
  • Gansehthan Mandir (गणेशथान मन्दीर)
  • Zakhadi Mai Mandir (जखडी माइ मन्दीर)
  • Kalika Mandir (कालीका मन्दीर)
  • Pasupatinath Mandir (पसुपतीनाथ मन्दीर)
  • Rameshor Mandir (रामेश्वर मन्दीर)

Nawalparasi, Nepal[edit]

  • Daunne Devi Mandir (दाउन्ने देबी मन्दीर)
  • Maula kalika Mandir (मौला कालिका मन्दीर)
  • Sri Laxmi-Narasimha Divya Dham (Only Divya Desham in Nepal along with Muktinath Temple)
  • Sri Laxmi-Hari Mandir
  • Sri Radha-Krishna Madir(Nimbarka Kendra – Vrindawan Pratik)
  • Sri Laxmi Venkatesh Mandir(Ved Vidya Ashram)

Birendranagar[edit]

  • Deutibajy Mandir (देउती बज्यै मन्दीर)
  • Kakrebihar Mandir (काक्रेविहार मन्दीर)
Dadeldhura, Nepal

Ugratara Mandir Gathal Mandhir

Other Districts[edit]

Darchula District[edit]

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s